Tableros de partículas de polvillo de aserrín reforzados con subproductos reciclados (TAR)

Palabras clave

Particle boards
industrial waste
melamine resin
urea formaldehyde resin
tensile strength
modulus of rupture
composite Tableros aglomerados de partículas
residuos industriales
resina melamínica
resina urea-formaldehído
resistencia a la tracción
módulo de ruptura

material compuesto.

Cómo citar

Buitrago, B., Henao, Ángela P., Ayala, O., & Mejìa, P. (2012). Tableros de partículas de polvillo de aserrín reforzados con subproductos reciclados (TAR). Informador Técnico, 76, 84.


El propósito del presente estudio es investigar el comportamiento mecánico
y físico de tableros aglomerados, compuestos por polvillo de aserrín y resinas
melamínica-urea formaldehído (MUF) en los que se introdujeron cargas de
materiales recuperados como caucho sintético, fibra de vidrio y fibra de yute.
Se estudiaron algunos parámetros como la relación molar M/UF, la resistencia
a la tracción, la resistencia a la flexión, la gravedad específica, la absorción de
humedad y el hinchamiento después de 2 y 24 horas de inmersión en agua. Los
resultados experimentales arrojaron valores máximos de resistencia a la tracción
y a la flexión de 10,9 MPa y de 48 MPa respectivamente, con una razón molar
M/UF de 1,5. La temperatura de trabajo fue de 150 °C y el tiempo estimado
por prensado fue de 150 s.


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